Historically, China and its people have been characterized by three religiophilosophical traditions. Traditional Chinese religions with adherents constituting less than 5 percent of the population include: I Kuan Tao, Tien Ti Chiao (Heaven Emperor Religion), Tien Te Chiao (Heaven Virtue Religion), Li-ism, Hsuan Yuan Chiao Tian Li Though reliable reports directly from the Chinese government are unavailable, several non-governmental organizations report significant religious discrimination and persecution, particularly toward Muslims, Christians, and Tibetan Buddhists. Chinese Buddhism is practiced most commonly by ethnically Han Chinese people, and it includes elements of Taoism and Confucianism. State Atheism and Religious Policies in China. "Religion in China: History and Statistics." Population figures from World Bank: (1) United Nations Population Division. In 1949, Chairman Mao Zedong established atheism as the official religion of the People's Republic of China. The two officially sanctioned Christian religious groups are Protestant and Catholic, which is officially unaffiliated with the Holy See, as reverence for the Pope conflicts reverence for authority in China. We don't have any banner, Flash, animation, obnoxious sound, or popup ad. Another 21.9% are followers of the Chinese folk religion or Chinese popular religion, which includes Confucianism and Taoism (Daoism). The World Christian Database transforms current statistics on religion into a real-time analysis tool that takes just minutes to perform even detailed research. All members of China’s dominant political party, the Communist Party of China, and members of the military are prohibited from any religious practice. All religious organizations are required to register under the umbrella of one of these denominations in order to be legally permitted to hold worship services. Wikipedia: List of countries ranked by ethnic and cultural diversity level (Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization). The Demographic Yearbook census datasets cover a wide range of additional topics including economic activity, educational attainment, household characteristics, housing characteristics, ethnicity, language, foreign … China has the world’s largest Buddhist population, with an estimated 185–250 million practitioners, according to Freedom House. Wikipedia: Buddhism by country (Buddhism by Country); Wikipedia: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in France (Membership Statistics); http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_by_country#Sovereign_states; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Christianity_by_country#Sovereign_states; International Religious Freedom Report 2004, U.S. State Department; British Broadcasting Corporation 2014; Wikipedia: Islam by country (Table) ("Muslim Population by Country" . Perkins, McKenzie. Buddhism in China is largely of the Mahayana school, though there are minority groups of Theravada Buddhists, mostly concentrated in the southern parts of the country. RELIGION IN CHINA. It is arguably China’s fastest-growing religion, with an estimated 60 million or more adherents today (compared with one million in 1949), including … The SCIO April 2018 white paper on religion in China states there are approximately 5,500 religious groups. As CCP leaders have come to terms with the enduring existence and apparent expansion of religion in Chinese society, they have pursued a complex policy designed to maximize the benefits to party rule while minimizing the risks. These other religions include Falun Gong, Hinduism, Judaism, Shinto, Zoroastrianism, and a handful of indigenous faiths. Likely, more Chinese people practice religion than official reports indicate. As mentioned in the introduction, statistics for numbers of Muslims in China vary as much as for Christians. Taoism, Buddhism, and Confucianism expanded and ultimately shaped Chinese culture. Buddhism is the largest religious organization in China, though only about 18.2% of the population identifies as Buddhist. Beijing, October, 1997 I. Singapore, the Most Religiously Diverse Country in the World, Religion in Ireland: History and Statistics, B.S., Political Science, Boise State University. Facts about Chinese Religion 2: the belief systems in China The beliefs systems in China are called by some scholars as the thought system, cultural practices or philosophies. The Future of the Global Muslim Population . SOURCES: Tibetan Buddhism is practiced mostly in Tibet, which has historically conflicted with China over autonomy. Atheism has remained the official state religion, though there are now five alternative state-sanctioned religious affiliations: Buddhism, Taoism, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Islam. China’s first religions were ancient forms of animism and shamanism. There are two significant sub-organizations of Mahayana Buddhism in China: Chinese Buddhists and Tibetan Buddhists. This comprehensive database brings This comprehensive database brings together a fully updated and cohesive religious data set with a world-class database architecture. About 18.2% are Buddhists, 5.1% are Christians, 1.8% are Muslims and 0.7% adhere to Local and regional figures for the number of religious followers, including those belonging to the four officially recognized religions, are unclear. Im Jahr 2010 waren rund 700,68 Millionen Chinesen religiös ungebunden. Today, about 5.1% of the population identifies as Christian, though this number is likely inaccurate as many Christian groups are known to practice in secret. There are also unknown numbers of unregistered Christian churches. About 1.8% of Chinese people identify as Muslim. After registration, religious organizations are still subject to intense scrutiny by the Chinese government. Retrieved from https://www.learnreligions.com/religion-in-china-history-and-statistics-4797960. 31 December 2004; adventiststatistics.org The first Jesuit missionaries arrived in China in the middle of the 15th century, immediately establishing a strong relationship with the Ming emperor. Less than a century later, the Ming dynasty had collapsed, replaced by the predominantly Confucian Qing dynasty. 2004 Annual Report Discover all statistics and data on Religion in India now on statista.com! Perkins, McKenzie. Some worship ancestors and/or Shens (“kindly spirits”). Scholars note that in China there is no clear boundary between three teachings religions and local folk religious practice. Uighur and Hui Muslims are the largest Muslim ethnic minorities, but there are also significant numbers of Kazakh Muslims. Protestant Christianity has been one of the fastest-growing religions in China in recent years, rising from having just three million adherents in the … How Many Religions Are There in the World? European Jesuits are considered to be the first Christians to preach in China, arriving during the 16th century and taking up council with the emperor of the Ming Dynasty. Confucius traveled across the Warring States, teaching the system of morals, ethics, and societal guidelines that would become known as Confucianism. Es gibt bis heute kein nationales Religionsgesetz, sondern nur vielerlei Dokumente. China also is an excellent example for It … Weiterlesen. Though not formally recognized as a religion by the Chinese government, Confucianism has had an undeniable impact on Chinese history and culture since its conception by the Chinese philosopher Confucius around 479 BC. All Rights Reserved. Both men openly identified as Christians, and both were supported by the western world for their attempts to rid China of communism. If a family were to lose the Mandate of Heaven, the world was said to devolve into chaos, including violence between the people, poor harvests, and natural disasters, all events that, according to legend, led to the end of the Zhou dynasty. A survey taken in China showed that 85% of Chinese residents have some religious beliefs, while just 15% consider themselves to be atheists. Though folk religion varies regionally, it maintains similar elements of reverence for ancestors and natural forces. As a result, religious practice is intensely scrutinized by the government, especially for Muslims, Christians, and Tibetan Buddhists. However, some sources indicate groups of Chinese Christians dating back to the 7th century. Only about 1% of Chinese people identify as another religion, but this number is difficult to determine considering the legal status of religions in China. Christianity was rejected as a mechanism of imperialism, as was evident by the Republic of China’s first presidents, Sun Yat-sen and Chiang Kai-shek. The Demographic Yearbook disseminates statistics on population size and composition, births, deaths, marriage and divorce, as well as respective rates, on an annual basis. After Mao’s death, China underwent a series of cultural reforms, including the establishment of freedom of religion. India is a south Asian country known to be the largest democracy in the world. All religious organizations must register under one of these affiliations in order to legally worship. 2004 Annual Report Most of the world's major religions are practiced by native Chinese people with great devotion. Die Statistik zeigt die Religionszugehörigkeit in China aufgeschlüsselt nach Anhängerschaft der Glaubensgemeinschaften für das Jahr 2010 und Projektionen für die Jahre 2020, 2030, 2040 und 2050. Religion in Japan: History and Statistics, Religion in Italy: History and Statistics. Fenggang Yang/Reuters The map, based on information from Professor Fanggang Yang, the director of the Center on Religion … ); adventiststatistics.org Population in China in 2019, by region (in million inhabitants) [Graph]. Clear data on religious affiliation in China is difficult to gather due to varying definitions of "religion" and the unorganized, diffusive nature of Chinese religious traditions. 35 For an overview, see Social Scientific Studies of Religion in China: Methodology, Theories, and Findings, by Yang Fenggang Most followers of folk religion are ethnically Han Chinese. In a letter dated April 3, 2018, addressed to the US Ambassador to China, Terry Branstad, representatives Marco Rubio and Chris Smith indicate that between 500,000 and a … Either way, the Chinese government began a campaign in the early 21st century to revitalize Confucianism in an attempt to strengthen social harmony. National Bureau of Statistics of China. The present official figure is 28 million, based on the total number of Uygurs, Kazaks and other smaller Muslim minority This led to violent massacres and hundreds of thousands of deaths and continued until Mao’s death in 1976. As the centuries progressed, religion adopted more complex systems of belief and practice. Notably, Falun Gong—a spiritual practice associated with Buddhism and Taoism that originated in China in the 1990s—was banned by the Chinese government in 1999 as a result of its rapid independent growth. Usage implies agreement with terms. Pew Research Center . However, there are five state-sanctioned religious affiliations under which all other religious organizations must register. In the 1960s, Mao launched the Cultural Revolution in an attempt to revitalize communism by destroying all external influences within the country, including religion. China China, Hong Kong SAR China, Macao SAR Colombia Comoros Congo Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czechia Côte d’Ivoire Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Since 2017, at least 800,000 Uighur Muslims have been detained, tortured, or disappeared, though this number could be as high as three million. While many think of China as a homogenous culture, it may surprise you to learn that the religious scene in China is quite diverse. After his death in 479 BC, Confucius’ followers compiled his teachings into the Analects, the central doctrine of Confucianism. We've detected that you are using AdBlock Plus or some other adblocking software which is preventing the page from fully loading. [554] Across 14 advanced nations, a median of 61% say China has done a bad job in handling the coronavirus outbreak. https://www.learnreligions.com/religion-in-china-history-and-statistics-4797960 (accessed April 11, 2021). Major religion(s): Country major religions. The majority of Muslims in China are Sunni, and most are ethnic minorities. Confucianism in China is not recognized as a state-sanctioned religion, but it has influenced and shaped the Chinese socio-political system since 479 BC. Other religions that are known to be present in China are Hinduism, Falun Gong, Judaism, Shinto, Zoroastrianism, and indigenous beliefs; none are sanctioned by the government. Because of the difficulty in accessing accurate and current religious demographics, the number of religiously-affiliated Chinese people is widely considered to be skewed. China, because of its size and complexity, furnishes an especially important illustration of religion’s role in the political and social integration of a traditional agrarian state. 34 For an example, see “Local Communal Religion in Contemporary South-east China,” by Kenneth Dean, The China Quarterly, Volume 174 (2003), pages 338-358. The teachings of Confucius, particularly concerning the patriarchal hierarchy, laid the foundation for the Chinese socio-political system. ); CIA World Factbooks 18 December 2003 to 28 March 2011; CIA World Factbook, 22 August 2006; Wikipedia: List of countries ranked by ethnic and cultural diversity level (Ethnic, Linguistic and Religious Fractionalization) (Natalka Patsiurko, John L. Campbell and John A. Religion in China A country as big as China is bound to be home to many different ethnic groups and religions. Learn Religions. Though Buddhism originated in India, it has a long history and tradition in China and today is the country’s largest institutionalized religion. [ Wikipedia “Religion in China” ] China has up to 300 million religious believers, according to a 2007 government-sponsored survey on spirituality and religion in China. All religions must register under one of these denominations in order to legally worship or face criminal charges if caught worshipping without registration. China's constitution guarantees freedom of religion, although any religious organization without official approval faces state persecution. "Muslim Population by Country" . There are five state-sanctioned religious affiliations: Buddhism, Islam, Catholicism, Protestantism, and Taoism. Retrieved 22 December 2011 . From the Han Chinese to the Mongols, Nakhi, and Zhuang, all the various Chinese ethnic groups have made their own contribution to China’s culture today. Retrieved 22 December 2011 . Die Volksrepublik China ist ein laizistischer Staat und die Mehrheit der Chinesen bekennt sich offiziell zu keiner Konfession. This practice permitted all three philosophical systems to flourish in China. Add NationMaster content to your website. By the middle of the 20th century, Mao Zedong had created the People’s Republic of China, establishing state atheism and trivializing religion as a useless relic of the past. And at least seven-in-ten in each of these countries have … Zur Navigation springen Zur Suche springen. Please add www.nationmaster.com to your ad blocking whitelist or disable your adblocking software. World Population Prospects, (2) United Nations Statistical Division. This map shows the new religious make up of China. Muslim > Muslim percentage of total population: … Perkins, McKenzie. They tend to avoid referring the belief system as the religions. Mckenzie Perkins is a writer and researcher specializing in southeast Asian religion and culture, education, and college life. The constitution of China explicitly protects the freedom of religious belief and prohibits the state from compelling a person to participate in a given religious practice. All three traditional beliefs, at one time or another overlapped, to help shape Chinese culture and traditions. National surveys conducted in the early 21st century estimated that some 80% of the population of China, which is more than a billion people, practice some kind of Chinese folk religion; 10–16% are Buddhists; 10% are Taoist; 2.53% are Christians; and 0.4% are Muslims. It was declared a cult organization by the Communist Party and banned, but estimates suggest millions of participants still practice in secret. Muslims in China face strong persecution and religious discrimination as a result of what the Chinese government labels religious extremism. China Statistical Database Monthly Data Quarterly Data Annual Data Other Data Communiqués Legal Framework Classifications & Methods Press Release International Cooperation Understanding Statistics … Learn Religions, Feb. 8, 2021, learnreligions.com/religion-in-china-history-and-statistics-4797960. aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. According to recent demographic reports, 52% of Chinese people are religiously unaffiliated, highlighting the official religion of China, atheism. The study disputed the long-standing official estimate of 100 million, a figure that has stood since the 1960’s. China is officially an atheist state with one of the lowest percentages in the world of people who consider themselves religious. If Confucianism provided a guideline for how to live, Buddhism provided a frame of reference for death and the afterlife. Separately, a 2012 Pew Research Center report found that more than 294 million people, or 21 percent of China’s population, practice folk religions. As Christianity spread, Christian leaders and groups attempted to eradicate Buddhism and Chinese folk religion, leading to civil unrest that only worsened as European and American occupation in Asia increased over the 18th and 19th centuries. Inside a Chinese temple China is a multireligious country, with a vast proportion of the population professing no religion.

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