Besides that, through these memoirs it is also a reminder that his decisions, while it may not be popular, are always made for Singapore 's benefit. On 16 September 1963, Singapore became part of the new Federation of Malaysia. The crowded trains, strain on services and displacement of Singaporeans in the job market and advancement have angered many, who now see LKY’s legacy as one that in fact left many Singaporeans vulnerable and worried about survival. Politicians in Malaysia and Indonesia expressed dissatisfaction with this, and demanded Singapore to explain and apologize for Lee Kuan Yew's remarks. In March 2016, Lee's first death anniversary, self-taught artist Teng Jee Hum published the book Godsmacked (Ethos Books) featuring multiple paintings of Lee and essays by Seng Yu Jin, Jason Wee and Mei Huang. Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong's wife Ho Ching shared it on Facebook. Lee Kuan Yew was the first Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-1990). Perhaps it might be useful to actually gain perspectives from individuals who spent a portion of their lives in places like Singapore and Malaya/Malaysia. China has already allowed and recognized gays, so have Hong Kong and Taiwan," Lee responded.  The student arrests gave rise to Lee's reputation as a "left-wing lawyer" which provided a path for Lee into Singaporean politics through the Communist Party of Malaya. That's a problem. We've got to know his background. The elections are another point of contention with the government splitting up districts and allocating them to far flung constituencies in what might be seen as an attempt to control the number of votes in or against their favour.  Together with efforts from the government and ruling party, Lee tried to create a unique Singaporean identity in the 1970s and 1980s—one which heavily recognised racial consciousness within the umbrella of multiculturalism. WikiLeaks quoted Lee as having described Islam as a "venomous religion".  In the 1963 election held on 21 September 5 days after the merger, Lee's PAP defeated Barisan Sosialis in a landslide victory. ... You see, the whole of my adult life [...] I have believed in Malaysian merger and the unity of these two territories. He was later convinced by Goh Keng Swee that the secession was inevitable. According to Dr. Toh Chin Chye, the parliament hung in "suspended animation" until the sitting in December that year..  In his statement, Lee stated that no special treatment on their respective transactions, the Stock Exchange of Singapore firmly rebuked HPL for violations in their non-disclosure of the sales of these luxury properties. Einstein died in 1955 while LKY was only elected to the Singapore Legislative Assembly in 1955 and it was as a member of the opposition. If, for instance, you put in a Malay officer who's very religious and who has family ties in Malaysia in charge of a machine-gun unit, that's a very tricky business. In his memoirs, he described himself "emerged [from the war] determined that no one—neither Japanese nor British—had the right to push and kick us around ... (and) that we could govern ourselves." External trade increased from $7.3 billion in 1959 to $205 billion in 1990. The people’s call for R2P: to be or not to be? Most of the new leaders of the PAP have come from subsequent wealthy generations that do not fully understand the sacrifices of the country’s working poor – shocking in number – and the obstacles elderly and young people face in an era of high costs. Being a Malay and a Muslim, I had my experienced with discrimination here and that shifted my VBNC from him. , In 2008, artist Ben Puah unveiled Hero, a solo exhibition of Lee portraits at Forth Gallery. , In May 2015, Singapura: The Musical opened at the Capitol Theatre. The inscription under the dome of St Pauls in London says this of its designer, Christopher Wren: “Reader, if you are searching for his monument, look around you.” On a visit to Singapore, I was reminded how much this would also apply to Lee Kwan Yew. Born in 1923, Lee Kuan Yew – informally known as LKY – is widely accepted as the founding father of the independent Singapore we know today, leading the city-state from 1959 to 1990 as Prime Minister, before being appointed as Senior Minister and later, Minister Mentor before leaving the cabinet finally in 2011. On 3 October 1990, Singapore revised diplomatic relations from the Republic of China to the People's Republic of China. They perceived [Lee] as a dangerous man who could one day be the Prime Minister of Malaya.  His official visits to China starting in 1976 were conducted in English, to assure other countries that he represented Singapore, and not a "Third China" (the first two being the Republic of China and People's Republic of China). If we get a Cabinet full of Christians, we’re going to get an intolerant Cabinet. This was the speech that changed history.”. The first two comments make clear how difficult rational discussion of LKY is for some people in the immediate aftermath of his death. LKY was a man who was respected, but importantly not loved by all. Surely if Einstein had made an unlikely later visit to Singapore shortly before dying, it would been Chief Minister David Saul Marshall, a fellow Jew, who would have feted him, rather than LKY. Singaporeans reelected him and the PAP in free elections after free elections despite whatever his weaknesses was — they knew the character of the man, he delivered and the opposition lost more because of the weakness of their argument. Lee joined the Scouts for three years, played cricket, tennis, and chess, and debated for the school. , In May 1988, E. Mason "Hank" Hendrickson was serving as the First Secretary of the United States Embassy when he was expelled by the Singapore government. Under the British, it had been used as a penalty for offences involving personal violence, amounting to a handful of caning sentences per year.  Indian-Swiss novelist Meira Chand's A Different Sky, published by UK's Harvill Secker in 2010, features Lee in his early years as a lawyer and co-founder of the People's Action Party. On 14 January 2011, Lee received the inaugural Gryphon Award from his alma mater, Raffles Institution, given to illustrious Rafflesians who have made exceptional contributions to the nation.  In 1971, Lee gave the Foundation Lecture – "East and West: the twain have met". None was ever passionate about his country like Lee – Funny World Indeed. PS. , Lee was a fourth-generation Singaporean of ethnic Chinese descent of mostly Hakka and Peranakan ancestry. Lee Kuan Yew was the first Prime Minister of Singapore (1959–1990). Lee and his cabinet signed a separation agreement on 7 August 1965, which discussed Singapore's post-separation relations with Malaysia in order to continue co-operation in areas such as trade and mutual defence. Prime Minister, pre-independence (1959–1965), Self-government administration (1959–1963), Prime Minister, post-independence (1965–1990), On the Marginalism of the Chinese in Malaysia and Indonesia, Nassim Jade and Scotts 28 condominium discounts.  Several international news organisations reported on Lee's death based on this and later retracted their statements. Part of LKY’s outlook prioritized women as homemakers and disparaged single women who opted not to marry or follow a career – another group similar to Malays that faced discrimination within LKY’s Singapore. It did so by providing for the basic welfare of its citizens, with an impressive housing program, affordable food prices, a living wage, job security, safety, education and opportunity. The mixed-media-on-canvas piece was exhibited at Sundaram Tagore Gallery in Singapore's Gillman Barracks. UMNO supreme council member and future prime minister of Malaysia, Dr. Mahathir Mohamad called the PAP “pro-Chinese, communist-oriented and positively anti-Malay”. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. We must not make an error. – in order to solicit funds for the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. A recent example is the sexual harassment bill passed in parliament that excludes employer liability. , Alarmed that Singapore's fertility rate was falling precipitously low, Lee launched the Graduate Mothers' Scheme in 1983, giving tax deductions for children to women with university degrees, and priority in admission to primary schools to graduate mothers with 3 or more children. Dr Welsh offers a rather thin analysis of LKY, replete with the usual criticisms and rather superficial commendations, when and where, they do appear.  This culminated in the exchange of Trade Offices between the two nations in September 1981. , In February 2014, artist Boo Sze Yang presented The Father at iPreciation Gallery, a solo exhibition featuring eight oil-on-canvas portraits of Lee in unconventional settings, like an embellished throne or a scene that depicts the Last Supper. However, the PAP won only one parliamentary seat by Devan Nair in Bungsar, Selangor. Lee set up private small enterprises during the war to survive, among which was one that manufactured stationery gum, branded as "Stikfas". , Lee was the junior counsel for the Fajar trial in May 1954 when members of the University Socialist Club were arrested for publishing an article considered seditious in the club's magazine The Fajar. Lee Kuan Yew, Toh Chin Chye and Goh Keng Swee were involved in the Malayan Forum, a London-based student activist group that was against colonial rule in Malaya in the 1940s and early 1950s. , In 2011, WikiLeaks published diplomatic cables attributing controversial comments on Islam to Lee. In 1969, he was elected an honorary fellow of Fitzwilliam College and was the most senior of the College's Honorary Fellows for many years. , In 1931, Lee Kuan Yew studied at Telok Kurau English School in Singapore. This does not mean that there is agreement on what he left behind. I do not belong to any special sect. I recall listening to one of LKY’s campaign speeches in which he told the crowd the bad economic news of the day and explained the limits of government power to make things better. The feud centres around the question of whether the house will be demolished (Lee's preferred option) or gazetted and preserved as a national monument. The enemies outside were matched by those inside, who had to be displaced and in some cases detained. The suspect is an unidentified minor who created a false webpage that resembled the PMO official website. I did not think he lightened his strokes. Not surprisingly, the passing of Lee Kuan Yew in 2015 triggered visceral responses for many Singaporeans, as the nation mourned the loss of modern Singapore’s architect and rudder. Maybe by Western Standard but at least this man left power willingly unlike here in Africa that leaders are being overthrown or forced out of power. , During the three decades in which Lee held office, Singapore grew from a developing country to one of the most developed nations in Asia. Here in Africa, we would have been glad to have 100s of Lee. Life & Contributions ; Mr Lee & Singapore. Lee was autocratic but revered as a statesman and nation builder. Everyone is blaming Lee here, what of political repression in China and Russia? According to Matthew Jones, "the Barisan never recovered from the combined effects of the outcome of the referendum result and the 'Cold Store' detentions.” Jones also highlights that numerous Barisan leaders and members were bogged down with lawsuits and its followers were "demoralised". As much as LKY deserves credit for Singapore’s success, he also should be seen to be part of today’s shortcomings. Some sections of the population, including graduate women, were upset by the views of Lee, who had questioned that perhaps the campaign for women's rights had been too successful: Equal employment opportunities, yes, but we shouldn't get our women into jobs where they cannot, at the same time, be mothers...our most valuable asset is in the ability of our people, yet we are frittering away this asset through the unintended consequences of changes in our education policy and equal career opportunities for women. Lee was a member of the Fondation Chirac's honour committee, from the time that the foundation was launched in 2008 by the former French President Jacques Chirac to promote world peace.  The State Department also expelled Robert Chua, a senior-level Singaporean diplomat equal in rank to Hendrickson, from Washington, D.C. in response. , Other world leaders also praised Lee. Henry Kissinger once wrote of Lee: "One of the asymmetries of history is the lack of correspondence between the abilities of some leaders and the power of their countries." Couples were urged to undergo sterilisation after their second child. Lee graduated First Class in both parts of the Tripos with an exceptional Starred-First for Part II Law in 1949; this placed him at the very top of his cohort, and he was awarded the Fitzwilliam's Whitlock Prize. He may, as Ms. Welsh notes, have had some less than favorable and less than politically correct opinions about Singapore Malays and Islam, but it is also true that he spoke fluent Malay, supported Malay politicians in the PAP and had a thorough understanding of the Malay community. In February 1962, the Malayans insisted on the apprehension of opposition leaders in Singapore and warned that they would pull out from the Internal Security Council if their requests were ignored. Understanding the Political Leadership Style of Lee Kuan Yew Amanda Herath (2014462044) GSIS- 2nd Semester- 2015- Spring Abstract The passing of a national political leader, widely regarded as a world figure, marked the beginning of the year 2015. Upon his return, Lee worked in John Laycock's law firm for $500 per month. , In February 2015, The Business Times' Helmi Yusof reported on how "In the last few years, artworks featuring Lee Kuan Yew have turned into a flourishing cottage industry". It is more accurate to say that he welcomed foreign capability — whether in hi-tech ideas and global business acumen or low-cost hard work — over Singaporeans who were incompetent or lazy. A replay of the depression of the 1930s, which led to World War II, will be ruinous for all.  Workers were frequently retrained to familiarise themselves with the work systems and cultures of foreign companies.  Lee had died at 03:18 Singapore Standard Time (UTC+08:00). on. Required fields are marked *. Former Labour Front chief minister David Marshall, now the Workers' Party (WP) leader, contested and won the seat, marking his political return. He returned to Singapore in 1949. He promoted the idea that Singapore had to have a strong armed forces, requiring national service in 1967, to protect itself as a nation surrounded by the perceived threat of its Malay neighbors. Yee also posted on his blog a stick-figure cartoon depicting Lee having sex with Margaret Thatcher, a personal and political ally of Lee's. , Lee Kuan Yew won the Tanjong Pagar seat in the 1955 elections. Lee Hsien Loong also has to address the problems of a government dominated economy.  Its creator and composer Ed Gatchalian credited the first volume of Lee's memoirs as the musical's initial inspiration. Railway land at Tanjong Pagar would be handed over to a private limited company for joint development of which its equity would be split 60% to Malaysia and 40% to Singapore. Some politicians in the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) thought Malaysian Malaysia threatened the Malays' special position in Malaysia. Your email address will not be published. Then I learnt she had spent her childhood in KL. "Yes, we've got to go the way the world is going.  Fortunately for Lee and the party's moderate faction, Lim Yew Hock ordered a mass arrest of the pro-communists and Lee was reinstated as secretary-general. , In the national elections held on 30 May 1959, the PAP won 43 of the 51 seats in the legislative assembly. One of Lee's most urgent tasks upon Singapore's independence was to address high unemployment. Then UMNO's Secretary-General Mahathir asked Lee to cut off all links with Democratic Action Party; in exchange, Mahathir undertook not to interfere in the affairs of Malay Singaporeans. No African leader has ever been in Lee’s line. A founding member of the People's Action Party, He is credited as transforming Singapore from a third world country to a first. Yet, with the conflicts interests of Soviet-American bipolarity in the past and Sino-American duality in the present, Lee Kuan Yew shrewdly managed to make the island city-state liked by both sides, but somehow managed to extract beneficial economic externalities from balancing opposing ends. In other areas, the life expectancy at birth for Singaporeans rose from 65 years at 1960 to 74 years in 1990. I still have my cousin’s photo of Einstein and LKY staring at each other, very intently. The name, Lee Kuan Yew, is all by itself, I would say, a global brand. While people with real obvious and fundamental concerns complain, people that were fortunate enough to have leaders like Lee also do. [...] It was an attempt to do something heartfelt and different with a local flavour". To maintain global competitiveness, keep wages low and maintain high growth numbers, Singapore also turned to foreign labor – cheap workers to staff their construction sectors and to work as domestic help and foreign talent to bring in ideas and the occasional sports medal. Furthermore, the co-operation between Lee and the Club members strengthened their relationship which helped Lee's future political career and the founding of the PAP. Indonesian Parliament During the COVID-19 Pandemic, Remembering the “progressive” Philippine Church, “Thank you for seeing our worth”: amid a pandemic, Redshirts joined Thailand's youth-led protests, Bussaraporn Thongchai's work draws on her experiences with women victims of human trafficking. At least Lee was not corrupt, you can read about all generations of African leaders and corruption especially my country Nigeria. Lee made his first official visit to Indonesia on 25 May 1973, just a few years after the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation under Sukarno's regime. Lee and his government stressed the importance of maintaining religious tolerance and racial harmony, and they were ready to use the law to counter any threat that might incite ethnic and religious violence. An interesting expose by an outsider. , In the late 1960s, fearing that Singapore's growing population might overburden the developing economy, Lee started a "Stop at Two" family planning campaign.  In the same month, illustrator Patrick Yee launched the second title in the first picture book series about Lee, called Harry Grows Up: The Early Years of Lee Kuan Yew at an exhibition at the National Library, Singapore. Lee Kuan Yew later charged FEER editor, Derek Davies, of participating in "a diabolical international Communist plot" to poison relations between Singapore and neighbouring Malaysia. Lee was an outstandingly brilliant man in a hurry, whose power was founded on good ideas.